World Tiger day: India with Highest Number Of Tigers Leading The World

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INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY

“When we protect tigers, we protect the environment.”

Tigers are often looked as being the most beautiful yet ferocious animals. This may be the sole driving factor that makes them even more interesting, creatures. But sadly, they have come to the verge of being endangered. Therefore, to promote the conservation of the tiger’s natural habitat and raise awareness about tiger conservation, International Tiger Day or World Tiger Day is celebrated on July 29 every year.

SIGNIFICANCE

July 29 is historic because, on this day, 13 countries signed the agreement in Russia in the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010. The agreement was all about raising awareness about the decreasing tiger population globally and preserving the natural habitat of tigers. During this summit, these countries with tiger populations committed to doubling their tiger populations by 2022. The number of tigers has decreased in several nations mainly due to poaching and forest devastation. By 2022, these nations’ governments at this summit hoped to have doubled the number of tigers.

India’s Efforts

• Project Tiger, 1973 to revive the tiger population.

• In 2010, 13 tiger range countries committed to double wild tiger numbers by 2022.

• In 2017, IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) recognized the continental tiger and the Sunda Island tiger as tiger subspecies.

• In 2022, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) aims to double the number of wild tigers in 2022.

THEME of 2022 International Tiger Day

This year’s theme for International Tiger Day 2022 is “India launches Project Tiger to revive the tiger population”. It supports initiatives collaborating with regional people to safeguard tigers and take strong action against poaching and illegal trade. Tigers are currently found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam, where they can be found roaming freely.

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT TIGERS THAT’LL PROBABLY SURPRISE YOU

• Tigers are nocturnal (animals that are active during the night) animals.

• A tiger’s tongue has sharp, small, thorn-like, hooked projections. With the help of these structures, a tiger can strip off flesh down to the bone easily.

• The Siberian tigers are the biggest breed of all tigers.

• Interestingly, a tiger can go for two weeks without feeding.

WHY ARE TIGERS ENDANGERED?

1. Loss of Habitat: An increase in human populations in tiger range countries has resulted in reduced tiger habitats and a lack of available prey. Intensive farming, livestock grazing, and humans’ excessive use of forest resources have largely contributed to their disappearance. Only 7% of the tiger’s historical range is intact today, and tiger habitats are left in isolated areas.

2. Climate Change: The number of wild Tigers has decreased by up to 97% in the last 100 years, which is believed to be due to these factors, all of which are caused by climate change: deforestation, rising sea levels and natural disasters.

3. Hunting, Poaching and the Illegal Trade: Hunting of tigers has been a huge issue faced by the tiger population since ancient times. The bones and teeth of the tiger are used for commercial purposes, which can also be named an illegal trade. Also, the body parts are used for medicinal purposes, resulting in a sharp decline in the tiger population since 1930.

NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITY

In 2006, a statutory body, NTCA, was created under the Ministry Of Environment, Forests and Climate Change to strengthen tiger conservation in India.

HOW CAN WE RESTORE THE TIGERS’ ROAR?

• Decrease the demand for tiger products.

• Create awareness about tiger conservation in local communities.

THE TIME TO ACT IS NOW

The first step is to stop the illegal trade in wildlife, be they police, customs officials, lawmakers, community leaders, judges or citizens. Tigers cannot help themselves; therefore, it is our duty as humans to save them and work for them today and tomorrow. Act before it is too late. When we protect tigers, we protect so much more.

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