National Doctor’s Day: Theme, History, Significance And Know About Dr BC Roy, Former CM Of West Bengal


What can be a more noble profession than saving one’s life? The one who emerged as the saviour of millions of lives during the Pandemic is none other than the Doctor. On July 1, every year India celebrates the National Doctor’s Day to honour this noble profession for its hard work and contribution towards humanity.

The day is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy who was an eminent Physician and the former Chief Minister of West Bengal. So let’s know about Dr BS Roy and the history and significance of National Doctor’s Day in detail.

National Doctor’s Day Theme 2022

Theme of 2022 is: ‘Family Doctors In The Front Line’
The theme emphasises on the significance of Doctors in providing health care to entire living communities.

History of National Doctor’s Day

Talking about the history of Doctor’s day, it was celebrated for the first time in Georgia, in the United States of America in March 1933. For the first time the day was celebrated by giving bouquets of flowers and thank you cards to doctors for their service.

In India the day was celebrated for the first time in 1991, as an honour to Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy, who established institutions such as Chittaranjan Cancer Hospital and Chittaranjan Seva Sadan.

Indian Medical Association

The day is primarily celebrated by the Indian Medical Association which is a National Voluntary organisation of Physicians. Its purpose is to take care of the well being and interests of Doctors at large. It was established in 1928 and headquartered at New Delhi.
Indian Medical Association is also one of the founder members of Worle Medical Association in 1946. The headquarters of the World Medical Association is in France.

Who Was Doctor Bidhan Chandra Roy?

The National Doctor’s Day is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy. Dr BC Roy born on July 1,1882 was a Physician, Freedom Fighter and a Politician who hails from West Bengal. He was the follower of Brahma Samaj that was established by Swami Dayanand Saraswati and served as the second Chief Minister of West Bengal.

Born on July 1, 1882 in Patna Bengal Presidency, Dr Roy did his graduation in mathematics along with Medicine from the University of Calcutta. After that he went to England to join St Bartholomew’s Hospital in London but his admission was denied by the authorities as he came from an Asian Continent. It truly shows his will power and determination that after 30 attempts his admission was finally approved. Later in 1911 after his graduation he not only became a member of the Royal College of Physicians (MRCP) but also a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS).

After completing his studies from London, he joined the freedom movement and started to teach Medicine in his alma mater. He later became the Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University. He became an active participant in Indian politics in 1925 and served as the second chief minister of West Bengal after the first CM Prafulla Chandra Ghosh, for a period of 14 years from 1948 to 1962.

Some Interesting Facts About Doctor BC Roy

Here we are presenting some facts on Dr BC Roy that you should know about.

  • Under the guidance of Dr BC Roy, the Civil Disobedience Movement uproar in West Bengal in 1930.
  • He was awarded the country’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1961.
  • The B.C. Roy National Award was instituted in 1976, in his name for work in the area of medicine, politics, science, philosophy, literature and arts.
  • Dr Roy was known to be one of Mahatma Gandhi’s personal physicians and a good friend. The tall doctor was also known to be the medical counsellor of former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • Dr Roy passed away on his 80th birthday on July 1, 1962. He donated his home to be converted into a nursing home named after his mother Aghorkamini Devi, who was an ardent Brahmo Samaji and a dedicated social worker.
  • The British Medical Journal, called him the “first medical consultant in the subcontinent of India, who towered over his contemporaries in several fields”.


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