Interesting facts about Indian independence day:
Why did India get independence on 15 august?
It was the Japanese who decided the date of our independence. Surprised? You must be!
The Japanese surrendered in World War 2 on Aug 15, 1945. Had the Japanese surrendered a day earlier or later than we’d be celebrating our independence day on a different day? Lord Mountbatten wanted our independence date to coincide with Japanese surrender day. And that’s how we got the all-important date we’d celebrate the rest of our beings.
India is perhaps the only country with two national pieces of music:
Jana Gana mana national anthem and Vande Mataram national song. And Rabindranath Tagore played a very important role in both of them. He wrote the first one and sang the second one for the very first time. ‘Vande Mataram’, is part of a Bengali novel Anandmath written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1880s.
History of the Indian flag?
Do you know there were many versions of national flags prior to independence?
Yes. But the one we use now is inspired by the flag designed by Pingali Venkayya in 1921. It had a red and green band with a charkha in between. It was modified later to become the Tiranga as we know it today.
There is only one company and city that can officially make the Indian Flag
It is Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS) located in Dharwad (Karnataka). They have the sole authority to manufacture and supply the Indian national flags for all official purposes. The flag is exclusively made with handspun and handwoven khadi cotton.
What are the events planned for the celebration of 75 years of independence?
- 15 August 2022, or Indian Independence Day 2022, marks the 75 years of independence of India. And this diamond jubilee occasion rightly calls for a special event: ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.’
- It has had a series of socio-cultural events held across the nation honouring the history, culture, and achievements of the nation in general and freedom fighters in particular. This mega 75-week-long campaign is going to conclude on this independence day on August 15, 2022.
- The ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign is the final part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. As the name suggests, the government wants the tricolour to be present (both physically and digitally) in the hearts, minds, houses, and social media DPs of every Indian. The campaign will last from August 2-15.
How Independence Day is celebrated in India?
- President ‘address to the nation’ on the evening of 14th August kick-start the official celebration.
- But the highlight remains The PM hoisting the tricolour from the ramparts of historic Lal Quila on the morning of August 15th.
- As the flag unfurls, the national anthem is played by the designated band and sung by the people present in the audience with great passion. The atmosphere becomes electric and patriotic throughout the country at that moment.
Independence day speech on 15 august
- Now the time comes for the Independence day speech by the PM which is heard across the globe through television and other digital media.
- The speech outlines the major achievements, failures, threats and opportunities of the country at the time and how and where we’d go from here.
Celebration of 15 August
- Kites – of various shapes, sizes and colours – are flown in celebration across different parts of the nation to mark the day.
India’s integration after 15 august, 1947
- The country was politically divided at the time of the independence, between provinces (directly ruled by the British) and principalities (ruled by their respective monarchs).
- Provinces automatically became part of India but it took a lot of effort on the part of Sardar Patel to integrate almost all of the 562 principalities.
- Britishers weren’t the only colonist present in India. French (primarily Puducherry) and Portuguese (Goa) had some territory too. French and Portuguese India was integrated into the mainland in 1954 and 1962 respectively.
Top Freedom Fighters of India
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
- Subhash Chandra Bose
- Mahatma Gandhi
- Lal Bahadur Shastri
- Jawaharlal Nehru
- Bhagat Singh
- Rani Lakshmi Bai
Top Indian revolutionaries fighting for freedom
- Rash Behari Bose: Indian National Army
- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar:
- Khudiram Bose: The Muzaffarpur killing
- Chandra Shekhar Azad: Kakori Conspiracy
- Ram Prasad Bismil: Kakori Conspiracy
- Udham Singh: Avenging Jallianwala Massacre by shooting
- Madan Lal Dhingra: Curzon Wyllie’s assassination
Top Women Freedom Fighters of India
- Rani Lakshmi Bai (Jhansi ki Rani)
- Aruna Asaf Ali
- Sarojini Naidu
- Madam Bhikaji Cama
- Begum Hazrat Mahal
- Annie Besant
Top women revolutionaries fighting for freedom
- Durgawati Devi (Durga Bhabi): She ran the bomb factory ‘Himalayan Toilets’
- Bina Das: She attempted to assassinate the Bengal Governor Stanley Jackson
A guide to writing an independence day essay for students
Independence Day is one of the three national holidays in India. The other two are Republic Day (26 January) and Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday (2 October). All offices and workplaces – government or private – remain shut as a mark of respect to the occasion.
Happy independence day 2022 to everyone, and particularly to students. We hope this write-up may act as a guide to writing an Independence Day essay for students.