Agricultural Revolutions in India: Green, Golden, Blue & Yellow Revolutions in Agriculture


Green Revolution In India

In the history of Indian Agriculture, the period of 1960s is well known for the Green revolution. It was the period when Indian Agriculture was being converted into a modern industrial system with the use of high variety yielding seeds, mechanised farm tools, irrigation facilities and fertilisers. With an aim to increase agricultural research and productivity,M. S. Swaminathan initiated the Green Revolution in India.

Golden Revolution In India

The Golden revolution is related to the production of Honey and horticulture in India. The era of 1991 to 2003 is known for the Golden revolution which was initiated by Nirpakh Tutej. Due to the reform in this period India became the world leader in the production of Mangoes, Bananas, Cashew etc. National Horticulture Mission in the year 2005-2006, Launched by the Government of India is a result of the Golden Revolution to increase the production of the Horticulture sector.

Blue Revolution In India

The Blue revolution in India recognized Aquaculture as an important and highly productive agricultural activity. Also known as Nili/Neel Kranti, it was initiated by Dr Arun Krishnan during the Seventh Five year plan in 1985-1990. During 1992-1997; in the 8th Five year plan the Intensive Marine Fisheries plan was launched after that the fishing harbours in Porbandar, Visakhapatnam, Port Blair were also established.

Yellow Revolution in India

The Yellow revolution is related to Oil-seed production. It was launched by Sam Pitroda during 1986-87. Its aim was to increase the production of edible oil like mustard and sesame seeds to achieve independence in the field of oil production. Primarily Yellow Revolution was aimed at the increasing production of these 9 edible oil-seeds: groundnut, mustard, soybean, safflower, sesame, sunflower, Niger, linseed, and castor.

Black Revolution In India

The Black revolution is associated with the production of Petroleum. Under the Black revolution India began examining the viability of blending ethanol with petrol to produce biodiesel. As one of the renewable energy sources Ethanol is a by-product of Sugar production produced from Molasses. The blending of ethanol with petrol has been practised in the USA and Brazil for over 70 years which is also  environmentally-friendly by reducing pollutants as it helps combustion.

Golden Fiber Revolution

It is related to the production of Jute. Because of its colour and higher cash value it is known as the Golden Fiber. It was started in India during the 1990s. Jute is the most important vegetable fiber after Cotton in production, Consumption, and availability. At the time of Industrial revolution jute started to be used as a raw material in the fabric industry and today processed jute is used for making strong threads and jute products.

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